Cyclamens are widely known for their attractive heart-shaped inflorescences and a pronounced sweet aroma.
The difference between Cyclamen and other domestic flowers is that they can bloom in winter, giving their owners a beautiful mood in the midst of a harsh and snowy winter.
The magnificent flowering of Cyclamen usually lasts a long time, about a few weeks.
Description of Cyclamen Flower
This is a flowering houseplant, which, as a rule, does not require great attention, but you still need to know certain rules of care.
Cyclamen - This is a tuberous perennial, has very attractive heart-shaped leaves of red, pink or white. The top of the leaves resembles a marble pattern.
In height Cyclamen just above 20 centimeters. Onions of the flower from time to time grow additional bulbs, which are sometimes used for propagation.
The plant does not need a rest period. Prefers cool than stuffy rooms.
Cyclamen - one of the most popular home flowers. The well-groomed bush has a very beautiful decorative shape.
The flowers of the plant are arranged in the form of multi-colored butterflies on long shoots. Cyclamens start flowering in the middle of the autumn or winter months, and end in late spring.
Cyclamens: types and features
The genus of cyclamens includes about 50 species, 20 of them are grown at home. A plant tuber is a round, flattened bulb with a growth point. Depending on the species, it grows up to 10-15 cm in diameter. Root leaves with long petioles. Their distinguishing feature is a gray or silver pattern on the outside of the sheet plate. The flowers have elongated sturdy peduncles. Petals 2-3 cm long are slightly bent back. The color scheme is diverse, it includes all shades of pink, red, lilac, white. The number of buds on one adult plant reaches 60 pieces.
Information. Cyclamen root juice is used to treat sinusitis.
There are two main types of cyclamens used for growing a house.
Signs and superstitions
From the esoteric side, cyclamen has a good effect on family relationships. Disagreements in the family between generations will disappear and peace and understanding will reign in the house.
- Beneficial effect on the person caring for cyclamen. It allows you to get rid of sudden mood swings and normalize sleep.
- By arranging the plant in the bedroom, the couple will strengthen their bonds and be able to have a baby.
- The aura of the plant protects from the influence of evil people and their envy.
- To people living in a house where there is cyclamen, luck and inspiration gradually come, craving for new achievements and self-development.
- For people suffering from mental disorders, stress, despondency and anxiety, the plant gives calm and a good sleep.
The homeland of the Persian species is Asia Minor, North Africa and the Mediterranean. Perennial is distinguished by a large diameter of flowers and high peduncles. Leaves of a core shape can reach 14 cm. They are dark green in color, covered with a marble silver pattern. Breeders have created many varieties of Persian cyclamen. He gained such popularity due to long flowering and magnificent decorative appearance.
The flowering period lasts from autumn to early spring. The flower stalks are 30 cm high; flowers with a diameter of 5 cm are formed on them. The tips of the petals are pointed or fringed, bent back. Then the plant needs rest and peace. In May-June, it discards leaves and freezes for several months. At this time, watering is reduced to a minimum. Wilted flower stalks and leaves are removed. In August, the plant is transplanted into a new pot and begin to water regularly. The tuber grows up to 15 cm, its root system is located in the lower part. When transplanting, the tuber is not completely buried; 1/3 should be above the soil surface. Propagated only by seeds.
Short description of growing
- Bloom. As a rule, from the last days of October to March.
- Illumination. The light is diffused but bright.
- Temperature mode. In the summer - 20–25 degrees, and in winter - 10–14 degrees.
- Watering. Use the lower watering method. During flowering, water abundantly, and the soil mixture should be slightly moist all the time. When the flowering is over, a gradual reduction in the frequency and abundance of watering is carried out, and after the foliage is completely dry, the soil mixture is moistened only so that it does not completely dry out.
- Air humidity. She must be tall. Before buds appear, cyclamens should be systematically moistened with warm water from a sprayer. And after the buds are formed and during flowering, the plant, along with a flower pot, is placed on a pallet filled with wet pebbles.
- Fertilizer. From the moment foliage appears and before the buds are formed, the flower is fed 1 time in 4 weeks with a complex fertilizer for decorative and deciduous plants. And after the buds are formed and before the end of flowering, top dressing is also carried out once a month, but for this, fertilizer is used for flowering indoor plants.
- Rest period. As a rule, in May – June.
- Transfer. The plant is transplanted every year immediately after foliage appears on the tuber.
- Soil mix. Peat, humus and sand are taken in one part, and leaf soil - from 2 to 3 parts.
- Breeding. Tubers and seed method.
- Harmful insects. Grape weevils and cyclamen mites.
- Diseases. Gray rot. Also, problems with the plant can arise if it is not properly looked after or if optimal conditions for growth are not provided.
- The properties. The tubers of such a plant contain poisonous juice, it can cause diarrhea, vomiting and seizures.
Features of home care
|Temperature||In winter, they are kept at a temperature of 12 to 16 ° C, and in summer up to 24 ° C.|
|Air humidity||At home, you need to spray and maintain high humidity (up to 50%).|
|Lighting||Bright diffused light. The ideal location is the western and eastern windows.|
|Watering||Moderate, up to 3 times a week through a pallet. Overmoistening and drying of the soil is not allowed. At rest, watering is reduced to 1 time per week.|
|Priming||The plant requires a slightly acidic soil with a pH of 5.5-6.5. A ready-made substrate for senpolia is suitable. With independent production, sand, chernozem and peat are mixed in equal parts. At the bottom of the pot lay drainage.|
|Fertilizer and fertilizer||During the growing season, top dressing is applied every 2 weeks before flowering begins. To do this, use universal or for flowering plants fertilizers with a low nitrogen content, without chlorine.|
|Transfer||With the beginning of leaf growth, they are transplanted into a low capacity with nutrient soil. The tuber is dug in half.|
|Cyclamen propagation||The plant is propagated by dividing the tuber, as well as by seeds. With the help of flowers you can cross several varieties, getting a unique plant. When grown from seeds, it blooms in the second year of life.|
|Features||Different conditions are required during periods of dormancy, flowering and vegetation. Removing wilted flowers and leaves strictly with twisting the stem from the tuber without residue. The tuber rots when water stagnates or is watered from above.|
Features of landing cyclamen
The root system of the plant differs significantly from the roots of most representatives of house pets, which plays one of the main roles not only during planting, but also in the future care of the flower. Cyclamen is somewhat reminiscent of bulb crops: its root is a large flattened corm on a round shape. Its diameter is on average about 15 cm, while the growth point is only one.
When an adult cyclamen is planted, the tuber cannot be buried completely in the ground: at least 1/3 of its part must remain on the surface. An exception is the European type of plant, in which the roots grow not only in the lower part of the bulb, but also over its entire surface.
The soil for the flower must be selected light and nutritious. The store sells ready-made substrates of the nominal name for this plant. Also, a soil mixture for senpolis is suitable for him.
If desired, soil suitable for cyclamen can be composed independently by mixing in equal proportions:
There is one more nuance, on which both the development and future flowering of the plant directly depends. A pot for cyclamen should be selected a small volume (of course, given the size of the corm itself).
When choosing a flowerpot, one should be guided by the fact that from the tuber to the walls of the planting capacity should be no more than 3 cm. Only in such "tight conditions" can cyclamen bloom in the near future.
Planting and caring for cyclamen
- Bloom: in early spring, autumn, sometimes all year round.
- Lighting: bright diffused light, light partial shade.
- Temperature: 6-12 ˚C.
- Watering: during the period of active growth, regular, moderate, by way of lower watering.
- Air humidity: higher than usual.
- Feeding: once every two weeks with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer for flowering indoor plants in low concentration.
- Rest period: within 2-2.5 months after flowering.
- Transfer: once every two years at the end of the dormant period.
- Reproduction: seeds and division of the tuber, if he has more than one growth point.
- Pests: spider mites, aphids, thrips, cyclamen mites.
- Disease gray rot, rhizoctoniosis, late blight, fusarium wilt.
Cyclamen loves cool rooms. In winter, the permissible temperature is +10. + 12 ° C, below it should not fall, otherwise the plant will begin to fade. In the summer, it is important to ventilate the room in which it blooms, because cyclamen does not like heat. The air temperature in summer should not exceed + 20 ° C. To alleviate the fate of the plant, you can gently spray its leaves with water, avoiding contact with flowers and roots. Sudden changes in temperature should also be avoided.
Alpine violet or European cyclamen
The European view of cyclamens for its delicate smell and small bright flowers is called alpine violet. Under natural conditions, they are found in the center of Europe, Crimea, Italy. The tuber of an adult perennial has a diameter of 10 cm. The roots sprout from its entire surface, therefore, unlike the Persian species, the tuber is buried completely in the ground. Basal leathery leaves outside along the edge are covered with a silver pattern. Their reverse side and petioles have a purple hue.
Thin sturdy flower stalks grow up to 15 cm, flower diameter 2-3 cm. Flowering time falls on the warm season - from spring to autumn. Range of colors from pink to purple. After flowering, a fruit is formed - a box with seeds. The plant is not demanding on the conditions of detention. It does not drop leaves for the winter, does not have a clear dormant period. Propagation of European cyclamen is possible by dividing the tuber and seeds.
Watering a flower
Cyclamens - big lovers of moisture. Therefore, do not forget to water them on time. But make sure that water does not fall on the leaves of the plant, otherwise they will begin to rot.
Water the flower by pouring water into the pan. Or, in extreme cases, gently pushing the leaves away with your hand and pouring along the edge of the pot.
With improper watering, brown spots appear on the plant, which later will necessarily lead to the bush dying.
For watering Cyclamen always use standing water. Do not use tap water. If there is no settled water at hand, you can always pour the plant with boiled water, cooled to room temperature.
Make sure that the water in the pan does not stagnate. After the plant is watered and well saturated, the remaining water from the pan must be drained.
Botanical flower description
Cyclamen (or, as it is also called, "alpine violet") is a very beautiful flower. It is a grassy plant with heart-shaped leaves and vibrant colors. Alpine violet reaches a height of 30 centimeters, a round tuber "sits" underground with a diameter of 10 to 15 or more centimeters.
One of the most popular representatives is the Persian cyclamen. Its flowers can be of various colors and shades:
Description and photos of the most beautiful varieties of cyclamen, as well as tips for caring for them, you will find in a separate article.
Attention: In our country, cyclamen grows in the North Caucasus, in the Black Sea and on the coast of the Caspian Sea.
Cyclamen home - growing features
The cyclamen root is a flattened round corm on up to 15 cm in diameter with a single growth point. Damage her - destroy the bulb. Cyclamen leaves are basal, leathery, heart-shaped, growing on petioles up to 30 cm long, dark green in color with a grayish-silver pattern. The flowers of the original form are similar to strange butterflies - the petals are bent and pointed, sometimes they have a fringed shape, and the color palette is incredibly wide - boiling white, pink, all shades of red, burgundy and violet. Cyclamen blooms for more than three months.
There is an opinion that indoor cyclamen is a moody plant. Do not believe it! Cyclamen is unpretentious, just in its agricultural technology, as in the agricultural technology of any other plant, there are certain requirements, the mandatory implementation of which will allow you to easily cope with its cultivation. So:
- in no case store the tubers of faded cyclamen in the refrigerator - after such storage the bulb will not wake up,
- cyclamen flower does not tolerate heat and stuffiness, but lives perfectly in a cool room at a temperature uncomfortable for humans - only 6-12 ºC,
- direct sunlight can cause burns on the beautiful leaves of cyclamen,
- do not dig cyclamen tuber into the ground: at least a third of the bulb should remain on the surface,
- cyclamen does not tolerate an excess of mineral salts in the soil, so be careful with fertilizers,
- a cyclamen pot is needed small so that from the bulb to the wall of the pot there is a layer of soil no thicker than 2-3 cm.
And they often look for cyclamen, instead of cyclamen. It's nothing. We will tell you how to grow both the flower.
Plant Care Rules
In order for the plant to please with a cap of bright colors, it is necessary to provide him with comfortable conditions. How to care for cyclamen at home? Beginners in the content of this plant should pay attention to several main points:
- room temperature
- top dressing.
The most suitable place for successful growth Cyclamen, should be well lit, preferably by bright scattering light, the place.
Direct bright rays of the sun should be avoided. This means that the plant needs some shade. However, the plant will respond gratefully to a small amount of sunlight in the mornings or evenings.
What does cyclamen love and what is he afraid of?
When planning to grow a plant, it is worth considering that it prefers:
- Fresh air,
- high enough humidity
- diffused lighting.
The most comfortable temperature for a flower is up to 20 degrees Celsius, but not lower than 10 degrees. For it to bloom in winter, even less is needed - up to 14 degrees of heat. Frequent airing allows cyclamen to provide fresh air, especially during the heating season. You can refresh the bush with regular spraying, in addition, they will increase humidity and lower the temperature in the room.
During the ventilation of the room, it is necessary to exclude the possibility of a draft - it is fatal for the flower.
Another important point in the care of cyclamen at home is watering. It is best to moisten the soil in the pot using the lower watering method, lowering the flowerpot into a bowl of water. Keep it there until the substrate is completely saturated with moisture and the top layer becomes wet. Then cyclamen should be removed and drained with excess water. The liquid from the pan must be drained so that it does not stagnate.
The lower watering of cyclamen will eliminate the possibility of moisture entering the top of the corm, as well as directly on the flowers and leaves. If you water the bush directly into the pot, there is a risk of pouring the growth point, and this usually ends with rotting the tuber and, accordingly, the loss of the whole plant.
Cyclamen can still be watered directly into the sump, without forgetting then to drain the excess water from it.
Regarding the application of fertilizers, cyclamen refers to those indoor plants, which are better to undernourish than to overfeed. The flower responds well to complex preparations for flowering plants, especially in liquid form, but the working solution should be prepared strictly adhering to the recommendations for its use, sometimes even reducing its concentration.
The purchased plant does not need additional fertilizing for the next 2-3 months: usually store soil contains a large amount of nutrients that the plant is “seasoned” so that it blooms profusely and has a beautiful “marketable” look.
For cyclamen to grow and develop fully, it needs the right lighting. Best for this flower is the western or eastern windowsill. Since direct rays of the sun can harm the plant, if you have to put it on the southern windowsill, choose a place for it further from the window or shade it. The north window is not suitable for a flower, since there is very poor lighting.
Light, breathable soil is suitable for cyclamen. The easiest way to buy a finished substrate in a special store, but you can also make it yourself. To do this, you will need peat, humus, sheet land, river sand in equal parts. You can add agroperlite to the substrate, it will make the soil more airy.
- Be sure to install a drainage layer at the bottom of the pot. For this, foam, broken brick, expanded clay or small pebbles are suitable.
Cyclamen should be fed during flowering and during the period of active growth of leaves twice a month.
To do this, it is necessary to fertilize during watering with one of the special fertilizers for home flowering plants.
Try not to abuse nitrogen fertilizers. Their overabundance can adversely affect the quality and quantity of flowers, and also lead to a powerful build-up of foliage.
If you notice that the leaves of your plant have begun to turn yellow, then use a fertilizer that contains iron. You can make it directly under the root or by spraying.
By early April, top dressing should be abolished and watering reduced. Thus, the plant is prepared for a dormant period. It is kept practically dry for about a month. All leaves Cyclamen inevitably fall off.
One of the first questions when buying a plant is how to properly water cyclamen. Improper agricultural practices are a common cause of plant death. Cyclamen is recommended to be watered through the pallet. This method avoids moisture entering the tuber and the growth point. But it is worth considering the hardness of the water. A large amount of salts negatively affects the root system. Hard water must be defended for several days or filtered. When watering through a pan, the water is left to absorb into the ground for an hour. Then the remaining liquid is drained. The procedure is best done in the morning, during the day the soil dries slightly.
Tip. A solution of succinic acid (1 tablet per 1 liter of water) helps dissolve and wash excess salts from the soil. Use once a month. Instead of succinic acid, you can take aspirin.
Watering the plants from above is permissible; moisture gently pours along the edge of the pot. Cyclamen loves coolness, so some growers replace watering with ice cubes or snow. This procedure is desirable in the summer heat. Recommended water temperature for irrigation is 2-3 ° lower than the temperature in the room.
We decided to buy cyclamen - what to look for in the store
It is difficult to resist the charm of cyclamen and not buy a flowering specimen! Even if it does not bloom, the cap of leaves with gray-blue spots looks very decorative.
The question arises: where and when is it best to purchase this plant? I would like to note that the most common type of cyclamen - Persian - begin to sell in late autumn.
I advise you when choosing to pay attention to those plants that have more unblown buds - the more of these, the better. Naturally, your new flower should not have damaged leaves. They should be located low relative to the peduncles. Pay attention to the tuber too. A properly positioned tuber should half peep out of the ground. This is important, since it will depend on how your cyclamen develops further.
When buying, pay attention to the soil. Typically, plants from a flower shop are sold in a poor peat substrate, unsuitable for normal cultivation for a long period. Such plants should be transplanted immediately, but only after the end of the flowering period.
- gently remove the plant from the pot, holding it close to the root by the leaves,
- shake the peat from the roots of the flower,
- we check in what condition they are - if we see rotten ones - boldly cut them to healthy tissue,
- soak the roots in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 10-15 minutes - this procedure disinfects the cyclamen root system,
- after disinfection, sprinkle the places of root sections with activated carbon powder,
- before planting, be sure to pour a small layer of expanded clay on the bottom of a clean pot,
- any universal primer for indoor or flowering plants is suitable as a substrate.
An experienced friend always tells me that cyclamen (cyclomenia) is an unpretentious flower, but you need to know some secrets.
- Firstly, cyclamens do not like large containers. They prefer the corms to be more crowded than spacious. That is, the distance between the nodules and the walls of the pot should be no more than 2-3 cm.
- Secondly, cyclamen refers to plants that periodically "hibernate", that is, they need a dormancy period of about three months. At this time, the pot with the asleep cyclamen is placed in a cool place. It can be, for example, some kind of pantry, a toilet room, even the bottom shelf of the refrigerator is suitable if the temperature there does not rise above 11 ° C. In the dormant period, cyclamen is not watered, unless only when the soil in the pot is completely dry. One tablespoon of water per week will be more than enough.
- Thirdly, this is perhaps one of the few plants that does not like bright sunlight. Be sure to shade the pot with cyclamen, but rather keep it on the north window.
The plant requires high humidity. Leaves are sprayed daily without water entering the tuber. With the beginning of the buds and flowering, the spraying is stopped. The ingress of water on them leads to decay.
Spray only with soft water at room temperature. Hard water forms a crust of mineral plaque, which interferes with photosynthesis.
To increase the humidity of the environment will help dishes with balls of hydrogel, which will gradually release moisture into the air. Palletized moss will also solve this problem.
If there is a battery, cover it with a damp cloth. This will protect the flower from the heat and well moisturize the air.
Cyclamen loves fertilizer! In order for the plant to bloom well, it is important to feed it with liquid organic fertilizers. Any mineral elements, potassium-phosphorus mixtures are also suitable, but make sure that there is no chlorine in the composition.
- Well suited for regular top dressing drugs such as "Agricola", "Belvito." It is enough to feed the flower every 2 weeks.
The plant usually blooms in winter or summer. The duration and quality of flowering plants directly depend on caring for it. For maximum flowering time, it is necessary to provide the plant with intense lighting, only direct sunlight should be excluded.
The optimum temperature for the flower is from 10 to 20 degrees.
Watering the plant is carried out by the lower method so that the plant does not begin to hurt from penetrating into the growth zone, onto leaves and flowers, water.
Damp, sluggish flowers must be removed. The appearance of yellow leaves on Cyclamene says that the plant has completed its flowering and entered the dormant stage. The yellow foliage should not be cut off, it should be unscrewed, carefully separating from the bulbs.
Active watering should be completely reduced. Quietly lying in the ground tuber is watered only occasionally. The plant should be hidden in the shade to rest until the next stage of life.
Pot and soil selection
The substrate for planting can be bought at the store. Suitable universal soil for flowers, soil for violets or geraniums. The addition of sand and perlite will help to make it more friable and moisture-resistant. Soil for cyclamen must be slightly acidic or neutral. You can cook it yourself. Required:
- sheet land - 3 parts,
- humus - 1 part,
- peat - 1 part,
- sand - 1 part.
The earth taken for the mixture on the street must be sanitized - calcined in a microwave or spilled with a solution of potassium permanganate. Drainage is necessarily done at the bottom of the pot. Expanded clay, small pebbles, gravel are taken as a material. And the foam balls, which are recommended for other indoor plants, in this case are not suitable.
For cyclamen use plastic and ceramic pots with drainage holes. It is better to choose a design designed for lower watering. You should not look for a large capacity tank, for adult plants the optimum diameter is 14-15 cm, and for young ones it should be less. Choose a pot for cyclamen should be the size of its tuber. From the edge of the bulb to the edge of the pot should be 2-3 cm. In this case, the indoor flower develops correctly and blooms in time. A large capacity provokes increased humidity and decay of the roots.
How to grow cyclamen
Such a species as Persian cyclamen is propagated by seeds. Cyclamen seeds are sown in February or March, although cyclamen, growing at home, can be propagated at any time of the year. On the eve of planting, soak the seeds for 12 hours in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate or in the preparations of Epin or Zircon, prepared in accordance with the instructions. After that, sow the seeds in an earthen mixture for cyclamens, consisting of two parts of pre-steamed earth, one part of the soil mixture of the “tulip” or “terra vita” type and half of the river sand for loosening the soil.
It will be better if you make a groove in the soil 1 cm deep, spill it well with water and spread the seeds into it after 2-3 cm from each other. Sprinkle seeds on top with a layer of soil and cover the container with glass or film.
At a temperature of 18-20 ºC, seeds germinate after 30-60 days, although there are tuberous varieties that germinate after five or more months!
To propagate cyclamen at home, the tuber division method is most often used. But they also grow it from seeds. To do this, take a suitable moist soil, spread the seeds and sprinkle with earth about 5 mm.
Then we cover the container with cling film or glass and put it in a shaded place. The temperature should be around +18. + 20 ° C. Periodically open the mini-greenhouse for ventilation. In about a month, the first sprouts will appear - this means that it is time to rearrange them in a bright place and lower the temperature.
When the sprouts ripen, you can transplant them into a separate container, plastic cups are suitable for starters. And when three leaflets are formed on the seedlings, then you can transplant into a flowerpot, completely filling the root.
- When transplanting an adult plant, the tuber is not completely covered with soil. For a plant, it is better to use a small pot, the difference between the root and the pot should be about 3 cm.
When transplanting Cyclamen old soil should be completely replaced with new soil, consisting of one part of turf land, one part of sand and a sheet part.
When transplanting, carefully look at the roots Cyclamenwhile removing all sick, suspicious and starting to rot roots.
Pot for landing cyclamen should not be too big. Try to pick up a pot with a diameter of 12 to 14 centimeters. If the pot is too close for the plant, then it will bloom much earlier, and its flowering will be very weak.
For a neutral reaction, a small amount of ash is recommended in the soil for the plant.
Roots of persian Cyclamen when landing should not be deepened. It is necessary to leave on the surface about the third part of the tuber. And the roots of Neapolitan Cyclamenon the contrary, it is necessary to deepen.
After the flower is planted, it is necessary to put it in the brightest place, while slightly covering the sun's rays. The first couple of weeks after planting, watering the plant should not be plentiful until new leaves sprout, and the plant is fully strengthened.
When the sprouts appeared, remove the shelter and rearrange the container with them in a more illuminated place, but away from direct sunlight! When two true leaves appear, seedlings dive 2-3 seedlings in one pot, completely covering the nodules with soil. The soil should be loose, such as a mixture of "tulip" or the same mixture in which you sowed the seeds. After 6-7 months, you can transplant the grown cyclamen in pots with a diameter of 6-7 cm with the same soil mixture. Planting cyclamen in this case requires a burr of the corm no more than two-thirds of its size so that the growth point rises above the soil surface. If home care for cyclamen is right, You will be able to see its bloom a year and a half after sowing the seeds.
Conditions of detention
All types of cyclamens love coolness, comfortable temperature in the summer is 18-22 °, and in winter - 12-14 °. An increase in temperature should be avoided, especially for purchased plants. Otherwise, they may fall into a state of rest. Flowers need diffused light, direct rays are destructive. The room must be often aired, but cyclamens should not be exposed to draft.
For placement of flowers, the western and eastern sides are recommended. They love humidity, with increased air dryness, the leaves are carefully sprayed. But with the advent of buds, they are switching to another way to increase humidity. The pot is put in a pan with wet moss or expanded clay. For top dressing, liquid complex fertilizers are recommended, which are applied together with watering. The plant needs additional nutrition during the period of active vegetation and buds.
Attention. For cyclamens, the half dosage recommended by fertilizer manufacturers is used.
The frequency of feeding is every two to four weeks. When choosing a drug, you should pay attention to the nitrogen content. An excess of this element is contraindicated in bulbous plants. The cyclamen flower does not need special care after flowering. It is enough to remove dried flower stalks and leaves, and place the tuber in a dark place. Watering is very rare, top dressing is excluded.
How often to transplant a plant?
Cyclamen does not grow very fast, and a young corm can sit in a pot for about two years. During this time, it will increase the volume and it will be possible to transplant cyclamen into a more spacious flowerpot, at the same time and changing the substrate to fresh. It is better to transplant using the transshipment method, without completely cleaning the old soil from the tuber so as not to damage it. The first top dressing after such a procedure is done in a month.
Cyclamen should be handled at the end of the dormant period, until it starts to grow, while you do not need to take a very spacious container, otherwise you can not see the next flowering.
A flowering plant donated or purchased at the store (even if it is perfectly clear that the transport pot is small for it) cannot be transplanted - you must wait until it fades and rests.
Diseases and Pests
Cyclamen is relatively rarely affected by disease. Here are the most common ones:
- Fusarium - leaves turn yellow, become dry. To combat this fungal disease, a solution of baseazole is used, a plant is watered with it. For spraying, a topsin solution is suitable.
- Anthracnose - appears as a result of too wet soil, usually during flowering. Leaves begin to curl and dry. To combat the disease, a solution of fungicides is used, with which the leaves are treated. Damaged leaves and flowers are removed.
- Root rot - appears as a result of bays of soil. As soon as you notice that the plant is withering, immediately adjust the watering, ventilate the room. If cyclamen does not recover, then it is worth changing the soil.
Follow these rules and your flower will always be beautiful. ,)
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As soon as the flower begins to dry out and the foliage dies, this indicates that a period of rest begins. Reduce the frequency, as well as the abundance of watering, and this should be done gradually. And when the plant is completely exposed, water it sparingly and infrequently.
The room where the plant is located is systematically ventilated. If possible, transfer it to a balcony that is closed from the sun. In August or September, the bush is transferred to a well-lit place and gradually begin to increase watering. During the dormant period, the flower at home can be stored in another way: when the bush fades, watering is reduced, and when all the foliage dies out, the pot should be turned 90 degrees and in this position it will be stored until the last summer or first autumn weeks .
How to care for cyclamen at home
Cyclamen is a flower that requires bright diffused light and a cool (6-12 ºC) temperature. In addition, you will often have to air the room, but in no case arrange drafts in it - for cyclamen this is unacceptable. Frequent spraying will make the air humidity in the room higher, which is very popular with cyclamen, in addition, it can reduce the temperature in the summer heat by a couple of degrees. It is necessary for the plant and top dressing with a complex fertilizer for flowering plants, but be careful with the consistency - this is a plant better than underfed than overfed.
How does cyclamen rest?
When the bush ends its flowering and the inflorescences fade, after them the leaves begin to turn yellow, and over time only one tuber remains in the pot. Many gardeners think that the plant disappears, and often even throw it away. However, this is completely in vain, because so cyclamen prepare for a period of rest.
Fading leaves can be carefully removed without waiting for them to dry completely. To do this, the petioles are simply twisted clockwise, without using scissors.
Caring for cyclamen during rest is simple:
- with the beginning of yellowing of the leaves, they begin to reduce the frequency of watering,
- the pot with the “round” round tuber remaining in it is rearranged in a darkened place, where it will get less light, but it won’t be hot,
- hibernating cyclamen occasionally watered to prevent complete drying of the soil and corms.
Most often, plants hibernate in winter when the room is too warm and dry for them, because it is known that cyclamens bloom profusely only in cool and humid conditions, although a spring-summer break is also characteristic of them.
Three months rest flowers. This time is enough for them to recover and gain strength before the next abundant flowering. After the specified time, the pot with corms is returned to a bright place and watering is resumed. Soon leaves will appear from the bulb, then the buds will be tied and everything will be repeated again.
The cyclamen tuber is dried before division. Cutting into pieces, they make sure that there is a spine and a kidney with leaves everywhere. Doing a lot of parts is not worth it. Sections are treated with brilliant green or activated carbon, then give time to dry (2-3 days). Parts are planted in moist soil. For germination, the pot is placed in a bright place and regular watering is provided. The survival rate is not 100%, part may rot.
Why is it not blooming?
If your flower does not want to bloom, then there are a lot of different reasons. They may not bloom due to the fact that:
1. Their pot is too empty.
2. Due to the high temperature in the room.
3. Due to too dry air.
4. Due to insufficient lighting.
5. Due to poor-quality watering plants with tap water.
6. Due to lack of nutrition.
7. Due to excessively moist soil in the pot.
Why does he wither and turn yellow?
At Cyclamen leaves usually dry due to insufficient watering and too dry indoor air. This problem can be solved by humidification of the surrounding space, and you should also establish the appropriate irrigation regime for the plant.
Yellow leaves can also become due to the fact that the plant falls under the rays of the bright sun.
Drying and waterlogging of the soil is very harmful for Cyclamen.
If you ignore the visible problems Cyclamen, then pretty soon the plant will practically have no leaves, and it will be much harder to restore it.
As you can see, plant care Cyclamen at home is not particularly difficult. An important and rigorous rule is to always carefully observe all the instructions of more experienced gardeners when caring for Cyclamen.
If you find a little time for your plant, give it additionally your love and attention, then, in gratitude for this, Cyclamen will definitely reward you with its healthy appearance and bright, plentiful flowering.
Cyclamen - how to transplant
It is best to transplant in the summer. In late spring, the plant ceases to bloom, a dormant period begins, at which time it is no longer watered, and the pot itself is laid on its side. Around July, slowly, in small doses, watering starts again, when the first leaves appear, you can start replanting the flower.
It has already been said that a feature of cyclamen is a minimum of land in a pot! But it will not be superfluous to repeat that the tuber should be a little cramped, it should be deepened only partially - about a third of the tuber should rise above the ground level in the pot. After transplanting cyclamen, do not flood the flower abundantly with water, the earth should only be slightly moistened. Only when the plant comes to life, actively leaves foliage, adapts to a new place, you can proceed to normal watering, feeding.
Cyclamen flower needs water and breathable soil. Special mixtures for cyclamens and violets are suitable. To improve friability add calcined river sand.
To independently prepare the substrate, you need to mix forest humus with peat and sand in equal proportions.
For a tuber plant, a good outflow of water is required, so 1/4 of the pot is filled with drainage. Use stones, expanded clay or coarse sand.
For sowing seeds:
- Take a shallow but wide container.
- In the soil poured into a container, make small furrows, slightly water the soil with water.
- Plant seeds approximately 3 centimeters apart from each other.
- Top the seeds with earth.
- Put the container in a shaded place, water more often, preventing the soil from drying out.
The best temperature for the shoot is cyclamen - 18 degrees. Avoid overheating of seedlings.
Watch a video about growing cyclamen from seeds:
Reproduction by rosettes (or otherwise “horns”) occurs as follows:
- Shoots on cyclamen tubers (which are called "horns") are torn off and planted in moist soil.
- After such an operation, the flower itself is placed for some time in a plastic bag so that it can recover from injuries inflicted on it.
- The roots of the “horn” will appear approximately 2-3 weeks after separation from the tuber.
- The temperature is recommended to be maintained at a level of 20 - 22 degrees.
Before planting in the soil, I soak the seeds for a day in a solution of water and Zircon (4 drops per 0.5 l of water). For the cultivation of seedlings, light loose soil is taken, consisting in equal parts of peat, sheet soil, vermiculite and sand. Under the ground, a container with holes at the bottom is taken. An expanded clay layer 2-3 cm high is poured into it. Cooked soil (6-7 cm) is poured on top. The soil is generously moistened. Seeds are laid out on the surface two cm apart, sprinkled with a small layer of earth. The container is covered with polyethylene to create a constant temperature and humidity.
The container is placed in a cool dark place. The wait for seedlings is delayed for 1-3 months. During this period, the soil must be watered and aired. The first to appear on the surface is a pinkish-purple nodule. When two leaves grow, the seedlings dive and settle in separate pots. After 1-2 weeks, they are fed with complex fertilizer (reducing the concentration by 2 times). Flowering cyclamens will have to wait more than a year. But plants grown at home will be more durable and healthier than purchased ones.
Another method of reproduction - cut leaves. For this, leaves separated from the “mother plant” are planted in moist soil, where they take root.
Tip: However, this method is not suitable for all types of cyclamen. For example, leaves of European cyclamen root very rarely, so this method is not recommended.
Cyclamen is one of the most beautiful indoor flowers and rightfully deserves the first place in the collections of amateur gardeners. He is able to add new colors to both the apartment and the office space, to bring notes of cheerfulness and optimism into everyday life.
Providing proper care for cyclamen at home, you can rightfully be proud of your beauty, and he, in turn, will delight you with his annual flowering.
Cyclamen faded - what to do next?
With the onset of the resting phase, the foliage of the plant withers and dries. The remains of leaves and flowers should be cut or cut off manually, while making sure that the tuber is not damaged. By this time, as mentioned above, watering should be minimized, but the earthen lump near the tuber should not be too dry. If you have the opportunity to take the flower to fresh air, do it. The plant should be kept in a non-hot shaded place all the time, if you notice a hatching of new leaves, this will mean that the dormant period has ended.
The beginning of the rest period, photo:
Sometimes a flower with a pot is instilled in a shady place on the site, replanting is performed when the plant "wakes up" from hibernation. At the same time, the soil and the earthen lump are completely replaced, the tuber is examined, the spoiled fragments are removed, a month after the transplantation, top dressing begins to be introduced during irrigation. You can buy a ready-made earth mix for cyclamens.
Another option for preserving tubers is described above - laying the pot on its side, replanting in July or August.
Why is cyclamen not blooming? In relevant forums, you can sometimes see a similar question. The answer to it is proper care, compliance with the rules when sowing seeds, replanting, dividing tubers. It is very important to provide the plant with the required temperature and acceptable humidity. Proper watering of cyclamen, timely application of fertilizers - these are the basic needs of the plant, the key to its future lush flowering.
Separately, mention should be made of diseases and pests that threaten the plant, can affect its flowering. Timely treatment with insecticides and supporting drugs is very important. Regularly inspect the flower from all sides, take measures at the slightest suspicion of the presence of intruders or a deterioration in appearance.
It is worth mentioning one interesting and healing feature of this decorative flower - it is a medicinal plant, whose anti-inflammatory effect was familiar to Hippocrates. Today with its help they successfully treat sinusitis, make drops, ointments, tinctures. As with any other herbal gifts of nature, cyclamen should be treated with caution, not too zealous with the doses and frequency of treatment.
The cyclamen root, also known as tuber, contains biologically active cyclamine (a substance of the saponide group), which provokes an increase in the secretion of mucous membranes and thereby helps the natural cleansing of the inflamed ("blocked") sinuses of the nose. To prepare medicinal homemade drops based on the root of the plant, you need to take part of the tuber, grate it with a fine grater (or squeeze it with a manual garlic press). The resulting pulp should be filtered through a layer of clean cloth, and the resulting juice diluted with boiled (or distilled) water 1: 4. Thus, you will receive a natural medicine for sinusitis and runny nose, instill it daily 2 drops in each nostril for 7-10 days.
You can also grind 2 g of the root, pour 100 ml of boiling water in it, insist for about 1 hour, then dilute one teaspoon of the infusion with a liter of boiled water, drip into the nose.
Root-based oil extract is very good for overdried nasal mucosa. The squeezed tuber juice is mixed with the same amount of olive or sunflower oil, insisted for about a day, after which 3 drops are dripped into the nose for 7 days.
Taking into account all the information, now you will know how to care for cyclamen, how to grow flowers from seeds, how to transplant a plant and propagate it by dividing the roots.
Its flowers resemble bright summer butterflies, perched on a thin stalk, but the most amazing and valuable is that we can enjoy this splendor during winter snowstorms and cold weather.
To cyclamen bloomed in winter, home care should include a quality summer vacation. The root should not waste strength and nutrients on growing leaves. Despite the fact that this flower requires the same approach as most houseplants, it is considered moody, but the result fully justifies the investment of time and energy.
How to water cyclamen
During a period of active growth, cyclamen needs regular watering, but try to do without fanaticism in this matter: watering should be sufficient, but not excessive.
To be sure that the plant has enough moisture, use the lower watering method - put the pot with cyclamen in a container of water and keep it in it until the top layer of soil gets wet, then remove the pot from the water and allow it to drain excess . This method, by the way, will not allow moisture to get to the top of the tuber, where the growth point is located, thereby minimizing the risk of plant decay.
Cyclamen after flowering
When flowering is completed, the leaves gradually turn yellow in cyclamen, which indicates that it is preparing for a dormant period. Yellow leaves are best removed, but not pruned, and twisted until they separate from the bulb. Watering is gradually reduced and the tuber resting in the ground is watered only occasionally, moving the plant to a shaded place until the cyclamen again shows signs of life.
Another Winter-Blooming Flower - Violets: Care Tips
Cyclamen after purchase
How to care for cyclamen immediately after purchase? Sometimes the day after you bring the purchased cyclamen home, it drops flowers and even leaves. Do not panic - for cyclamen this is a completely natural behavior. He needs to get used to your environment, and you try to create him those conditions in which he will be comfortable. Cyclamen flower should occupy the brightest and coolest place at home.
Check the substrate, and if it is dry, give the plant a drink using the bottom watering or watering it in the pan - in these cases the plant will receive exactly as much moisture as it needs. Be sure to spray the plant. Do not feed cyclamen for two to three months after purchase - the plants on sale are well and permanently seasoned with fertilizers.
How to transplant cyclamen
Cyclamen is transplanted into a new substrate about once every two years, if the pot has become too small onion. This should be done at the end of the dormant period before the start of active vegetation.
But remember that cyclamen does not need a spacious pot, it blooms well only in close quarters, when the layer of earth is no thicker than 2-3 cm from the bulb to the wall of the pot. For example, for a bulb 1-1.5 years old, a pot with a diameter of 7-8 cm is suitable , and for two-three year old bulbs - with a diameter of 14-15 cm.
In a new pot, put expanded clay for drainage, a layer of fresh substrate, then onion together with an earthen clod and roots and add so much substrate that the tuber is immersed in it by two-thirds. Tamp the soil well. Transplanted cyclamen fertilizers will be needed no earlier than a month later.
In order to collect seeds from indoor cyclamen, artificial pollination is required. To do this, take a brush with soft bristles and transfer pollen from the flower of one bush to the flower of another. If there is only one bush, then pollen is transferred from flower to flower in the same way. To make this procedure as effective as possible, it should be carried out on a sunny morning, and it will need to be repeated more than once. Also, the dressing of the bush with a nutrient solution (per gram of water 0.5 grams of potassium sulfate and 1 gram of superphosphate) will positively affect the fruit setting. Remember that drying seeds after harvest negatively affects their germination. The quality of the seed material sold in the store directly depends on its batch.
After buying a new plant, you need to keep it for about two weeks in isolation. The pest may not appear immediately.
- Shield. Sticky plaque and brown spots are a consequence of the settlement of scale insects.
- Mealybug. These are gray small insects affecting the sinuses of the leaves.
- Spider mite. It is easy to recognize by the web on the leaves. The plant is affected by this insect in dry and warm air.
- Cyclamen mite. With the defeat, flowers and leaves grow underdeveloped and crooked. Sometimes the buds do not open and fall. The infected plant is disposed of.
- Aphid. She drinks juice from leaves and peduncles, interfering with normal nutrition. Parts of the plant do not grow well. Aphids form clusters and are easy to detect on cuttings.
Sowing and care
Sowing seeds is carried out in the last days of August. To begin with, they are immersed in a sugar solution (5%), and then all the seeds that have surfaced are thrown out. You can sow only those seeds that were at the bottom of a glass with a solution. Then the seed material is kept for some time in a Zircon solution. Fill the container with moistened earth mixture (sand and peat (1: 1) or peat and vermiculite (1: 1)), and then evenly place seeds on its surface, they are sprinkled with a layer of the same soil mixture, and its thickness should be about 10 mm. From above, the container is covered with a plastic film, which should be opaque, do not forget to carry out systematic irrigation and ventilation. The air temperature where the crops are located can vary from 18 to 20 degrees.
The first shoots should appear in 1-1.5 months. As soon as this happens, the shelter is cleaned in a cooler place (from 15 to 17 degrees), which should be well lit, but protected from direct sunlight. When small nodules and 2 or 3 leaf plates appear, they pickle seedlings into pots filled with a soil mixture consisting of peat, sand and leaf soil (2: 1: 4). During transplantation, nodules should be completely sprinkled with soil mixture. 7 days after the transplant, it is recommended to feed the young bushes, for this they use flower fertilizer diluted in half. In the last spring weeks, seedlings are transplanted into individual containers, and their first flowering should occur at about the fifteenth month of growth.
- Cyclamen leaves turn yellow. If cyclamen is watered with excessively hard water, then yellowing of its foliage may begin, and the color of its petioles does not change.
- The appearance of rot. If the drainage is not good enough, then systematic fluid stagnation can be observed in the soil mixture, which often leads to the development of rot on the tubers.
If watering is very plentiful, then the petioles of leaf blades, as well as peduncles rot, and this causes the death of cyclamen.
- Foliage. Yellowing and flying around the sheet plates is observed if the room is very hot and the air is excessively dry.
- Gray rot. The bush is affected by gray rot when it is in a cool room that is not ventilated.
- Pests. If a cyclamen tick has settled on a flower, then it must be destroyed. You can understand that the bush is affected by this pest by the following symptoms: the foliage grows smaller and its shape changes, curvature of peduncles and wilting of flowers are observed, while the buds bend.
Still on the plant grape weevil can settle. Because of it, shoots break and die off in cyclamen. Be sure to check the substrate for weevil larvae.
Persian cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum)
This type of cyclamen is widespread in parts of Africa, Asia and Western Europe (Ethiopia, Cyprus, Sudan, Italy and Iran). Such a flower normally grows in countries where the weather is moderately cool in winter, for example, in the northern part of Italy, and its bloom is observed in winter.
It is known that in ancient times healers used such a plant for rheumatism, sinusitis and diseases of the central nervous system. It also helped with snake bites. The species blooms for a very long time, during almost the entire growing season. Some species in the summer can throw off foliage. This species is actively growing and developing from 3 to 4 months, and the rest of the time it has a rest period.
Heart-shaped leaf plates are painted in dark green color, they are decorated with a marble-white pattern. The color of the flowers can be different, for example: white, pink, purple and red. In the tuber, cyclamen accumulates a stock of various mineral and organic substances. And he spends these substances during the rest period. Under natural conditions, if a plant blooms in winter, then organic matter is simply necessary for it.
There are a large number of Persian cyclamen hybrids that were bred by Dutch breeders. The flowering period in hybrids is longer. And flowers in hybrid cyclamens can be painted in various shades. For example, cyclamen of the Persian series of "macro" distinguish 18 different colors. Moreover, the bush of such a hybrid is larger, and it blooms longer than a species plant.
European cyclamen, or blushing
This species in nature is most often found in Central Europe (Slovenia, northern Italy and Macedonia). Such a herbaceous plant is evergreen. Its tuber has a flat round shape (slightly flattened) and a single growth point. Over time, the tuber deforms, and thick shoots appear with their own growth points. Basal leaf plates are painted in a silver-green hue. Their shape is heart-shaped with a pointed apex and a slightly serrated edge. The underside of the leaves has a greenish-purple color. On high peduncles, single five-petalled flowers are formed. The shape of the petals is oval, they are slightly twisted into a spiral. The peculiarity of this type is that the aroma of its flowers is strong, but delicate.
This species blooms throughout the entire growing season (from spring to autumn). His flowers can be colored in pinkish, violet-pink, pale violet or saturated purple shade.
This species has a very popular variety purpurascens, which has spectacular flowers of pinkish-purple or burgundy hue. The word "purpurascens" in Latin is translated as "crimson." Also, breeders were able to develop other varieties that differ in the color of the flowers and the duration of flowering, for example:
- carmineolineatum - the color of the flowers is white,
- lake garda - the flowers are pink
- album - spectacular white flowers.
This species is very popular among gardeners. He hails from Algeria and Tunisia, and prefers to grow in bushes. This kind is outwardly similar to cyclamen ivy.
There are 2 forms of this type of cyclamen: tetraploid and diploid. In the diploid form, the leaf plates are smaller, and the petioles can have a different shape, it also has more fragrant flowers. In room conditions, as a rule, the diploid form of this cyclamen is grown. Its foliage is heart-shaped, and they are painted in a greenish-silver tint. Leaf plates grow directly from the tuber, while in length they can reach about 15 centimeters. This is what is considered the main difference between this species and cyclamen ivy. Flowering begins in the spring, and ends in the fall, while the appearance of new foliage occurs only in September – November. Flowers can be painted in various shades from deep pink to light pink.
When growing African cyclamen, remember that it contains substances toxic to cats and dogs. This species is characterized by low frost resistance, therefore, for the winter it needs special shelter. It can also cause harm and direct rays of the sun. This species differs from other representatives of the Mirsinovy subfamily in its rapid growth and development. After the bush throws off the foliage, it is recommended to rearrange it in a dry place with an air temperature of about 15 degrees.
Cyclamen alpine (Cyclamen alpinum)
Alpine cyclamen has a very complicated history. It was discovered and listed in the Mirsinovy subfamily plants at the end of the nineteenth century. However, over the years, Alpine cyclamen began to be considered a extinct species, and this continued until 1956. For a long time, the epithet "alpinum" was used in relation to cyclamen intaminatium. This led to confusion in terms, so experts have introduced a new name for alpine cyclamen - cyclamen trochotherapum. This term is used today by a large part of specialists, despite the fact that Davis in the early sixties denied the disappearance of alpine cyclamen. As many as 3 expeditions were sent to study this species of cyclamen in the early 2000s. As a result, it was confirmed that this type of cyclamen is found in natural conditions today.
In this plant, unlike other species, the petals on the flower are located at an angle of 90 degrees, and not 180 degrees, as usual. They are painted in various shades from pinkish to carmine-pink, and a purple speck is located at the base of each petal. The flowers have a delicate pleasant smell, which is similar to the aroma of fresh honey. Oval leaf blades are greenish gray.
Cyclamen Colchis or Pontic
This view comes from the mountains of the Caucasus. Colchis cyclamen is also called Caucasian, Pontic or Abkhaz. When grown indoors, flowering is observed from July to the last days of October, and under natural conditions - from the first days of September to the second half of October. Often this species can be found in the mountains at an altitude of 300 to 800 meters among the tree roots. The appearance of flowers and leaves in this plant occurs simultaneously. Elliptical slightly curved petals have a dark pink color (the shade is darker along the edge), their length can vary from 1 to 1.6 cm. There are roots on the entire surface of the tuber. This species prefers shaded areas with moist soil. It is slow-growing, and its flowers have a strong, but pleasant aroma. Seed material matures within one year.
Due to the fact that Colchic cyclamen is widely used for cutting bouquets, as well as for collecting medicinal raw materials, not so long ago it was listed in the Red Book. To date, quite a lot of specimens of this type of cyclamen are found in nature, but according to experts, its number is noticeably reduced.
In nature, this species can be found on the islands of Cyprus, Rhodes and Crete, as well as on mainland Greece and on the coasts of Turkey. It can be found at an altitude of up to 1.2 thousand meters above sea level. Prefers to grow in moist shaded places. The shape of the leaf plates can be very different: from oval to heart-shaped. The color of the foliage can also be different from pale lime to dark green, its surface is decorated with characteristic specks of a contrasting grayish or cream shade. Flowers form earlier than foliage or they appear simultaneously. Flowers can be painted in various shades from carmine pink to light pink. At the base of the flowers are spots of purple hue. On the Peloponnese Peninsula in 1980, a rare subspecies of the Greek cyclamen with white flowers was found, it was listed in the Red Book.
The view of Kossky cyclamen was named after the island of Kos, located in the Aegean Sea. This species in nature can be found in the coastal and mountainous regions of Georgia, Syria, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Lebanon, Turkey and Iran. Flowering begins in the last winter or first spring weeks. The appearance of leaf blades occurs in the last autumn weeks, and in some cases in the winter. The color of foliage depends on the cyclamen variety and can be either dark silver or green. Flowers can also be painted in various colors, for example, in red, pink, purple or white. The petals at the base are saturated. In this species of cyclamen on tubers, the roots grow only from below. Specialists have discovered patterns in changing the color of the petals, the size of the flowers and the shape of the leaf plates: bud-shaped foliage and pinkish flowers have plants growing in Syria and southern Lebanon, cyclamens with rich pink flowers grow on the northern coast of Turkey, the farther east, the the flowers are bigger and the foliage is narrower. In the southern regions of Iran and Azerbaijan, cyclamens have large flowers and heart-shaped foliage.
Cyclamen of Cyprus
This species is one of three plants belonging to the Mirsinovy subfamily that can be found on the island of Cyprus.Most often, this species is found in the Troodos and Kyrenia mountains at an altitude of 100 to 1100 meters above sea level. Such cyclamen prefers to grow on rocky ground under trees or shrubs. The height of such a perennial can vary from 8 to 16 centimeters. White or pinkish flowers have a characteristic honey smell. At the base of each petal there are specks of purple or violet color. The shape of the leaf plates is heart-shaped, they can be painted in various shades from olive to dark green. Flowering begins in the last days of September, and ends in mid-late winter. This plant is a symbol of Cyprus. As a decorative plant, such cyclamen is cultivated in a large number of countries.
This species is most common in the middle latitudes. Most flower growers call this species “Neapolitan,” while experts call it “ivy.” The plant got its first name “cyclamen hederifolium” in 1789, and the second “cyclamen neapolitanum” in 1813. Be careful when buying such a plant, because under the guise of Neapolitan cyclamen you can be sold European, claiming that it is a subspecies of cyclamen neapolitanum. To expose the deception, you need to know the exact description of the ivy cyclamen.
This species comes from the coast of the Mediterranean Sea (from Turkey to France). This species differs from the rest in its high frost resistance. In countries of southern Europe, such a plant is used to decorate the territories of parks. In the middle latitudes, this species is grown exclusively at home.
Such cyclamen was called condyle due to the shape of green leaf plates: rounded with small recesses, very similar to ivy foliage. The flower is similar in shape to the flower of European cyclamen, but at its base there are spectacular horns. The root system of such a plant is superficial, and the flowers can only be colored pink. But thanks to breeders, many varieties of this type of cyclamen were born. Some varieties are "dwarf", while other forms bloom from December to March, and in some of them the flowers have a pleasant but sharp aroma and a spectacular color.
Pitfalls of Purchased Cyclamen
Purchased cyclamen is handled with care. Before entering the house, the plant experienced several stresses due to transplantation and a change in the familiar climate. The conditions in which it is kept in the greenhouse are different from home. The flower must be helped to get used to a new life. Cyclamen transplant after purchase is recommended after 1-2 months. Peppy flower stalks and leaves after a day in the apartment may wilt. Do not rush to water or feed them.
The plant adapts to a new temperature and humidity. Choose a cool but bright place for him. Check the degree of hydration of the earthen coma with a dry stick. Pour over the pan if necessary. Fertilizers will not be needed for several months. The fact is that store copies are over-fed for plentiful flowering. Spraying with Zircon will help the leaves to recover. It is a universal growth regulator that increases disease resistance and root formation activity.
When is a transplant needed?
Often, indoor flowers are sold in transportation soil, not intended for long-term use. It is poor in nutrients, but saturated with a lot of fertilizers. This maintains the plant for a certain time, and then it begins to turn yellow and wilt. Transplantation from such soil is desirable until the end of the adaptation period. Changing the soil is necessary in the following situations:
- noticed pests in the ground,
- low quality of the substrate,
- decay of the roots of the plant.
The main problem that worries gardeners is why cyclamen does not bloom at home. There may be several reasons:
- high temperature indoors, at 25-28 ° the plant does not plant buds,
- lack of mineral fertilizers or excess nitrogen in the soil,
- waterlogging or dry soil,
- too large diameter pot
- lack of lighting
- plant diseases (rot, cyclamen tick).
Enemies of Cyclamen
If you follow the rules for cyclamen care, neither insects, nor viral or bacterial diseases threaten your flower, but improper care of cyclamen at home can lead to rotting of the bulb during chronic waterlogging of the soil or to the appearance of a spider mite with insufficient watering. Correct your mistakes as quickly as possible and do not allow them again, and then neither cyclamen nor you will have problems.
Cyclamen turns yellow
If you follow the rules of watering the plant, and the cyclamen flower turns yellow anyway, then it can just be hot. Spray it as often as possible and, if possible, find a cooler place for it, otherwise the flowers may begin to dry in the cyclamen from the heat.
If the leaves began to turn yellow after the cyclamen has flowered, it means that it is simply preparing for a period of rest, and your concern is in vain.
Cyclamen does not bloom
If cyclamen receives little moisture during watering or if you do not care about the required level of humidity in the room, it is unlikely that you will see cyclamen blooming. Cyclamen does not bloom in a too warm room, especially if he is not used to this temperature. Sometimes, over time, the plant gets used to the high temperature in the home and, if all other conditions are met by you, the cyclamen eventually begins to bloom.
European cyclamen, or alpine violet
This is a tuberous plant with medium-sized leaves and fragrant pink-lilac flowers, but has varietal forms of white, carmine and other flowers. In culture since 1607. European cyclamen is much more tolerant of ordinary home temperature than other species, but also prefers cool air to stuffy. This species does not have a pronounced dormant period, in addition, daughter tubers sometimes grow on its tubers, which can be used for reproduction. European cyclamen blooms from the end of spring and almost until winter, it feels great in the summer on the balcony or in the garden, but under the mandatory protection from sunlight and from the penetration of slugs and earthworms into the pot, for which the pot is wrapped in a regular nylon stocking.
Persian cyclamen, or sloppy
More popular in culture than all other species, due to the incredible beauty of its flowers, which, blooming, as if turned inside out and grow petals down, until the plant dumps them without any signs of wilting. The color of the flowers is pink, dark purple, lilac, white, bright pink, and in most cases, the pharynx of the flower is in a different shade. The leaves of the Persian cyclamen are larger and more beautiful than the European, they are not inferior in decorative flowers. Recently, dwarf varieties of Persian cyclamen have become very popular, which tolerate room temperature much better than specimens of large varieties. Persian cyclamen blooms from late autumn to early spring, and then comes 9 months of rest. In culture since 1731.
In addition to these two most popular species in indoor floriculture, there are also African cyclamen, Kossky cyclamen, Cypriot cyclamen, Greek cyclamen, amazing cyclamen, finely flowered cyclamen, Cilician cyclamen and other species that are found mainly in the wild.